Minto Morley Reforms In Urdu Pdf Download
Minto Morley Reforms in Urdu PDF Download
The Minto Morley Reforms, also known as the Indian Councils Act of 1909, were a series of reforms introduced by the British Parliament to increase the participation of Indians in the governance of British India. The reforms were named after Lord Minto, the viceroy of India, and John Morley, the secretary of state for India. The main features of the reforms were:
The introduction of the elective principle to the membership of the imperial and local legislative councils. The act increased the number of members in the central and provincial councils and allowed some Indians to be elected by certain groups of voters, such as landowners, professionals, and Muslims.
The appointment of two Indian members to the council of the secretary of state for India, one Muslim and one Hindu, and the first Indian member to the viceroy's executive council.
The recognition of separate electorates for Muslims, which meant that Muslims could vote for their own representatives in the councils. This was a result of the demands of the Muslim League, which was formed in 1906 to protect the interests of Muslims in India.
The Minto Morley Reforms were welcomed by some moderate leaders of the Indian National Congress, such as Gopal Krishna Gokhale, who saw them as a step towards greater self-government. However, they were rejected by the extremist faction of the Congress, such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, who wanted complete independence from British rule. They also faced criticism from some Muslims, who felt that the separate electorates would divide the Indian people on religious lines.
If you want to learn more about the Minto Morley Reforms in Urdu, you can download a PDF file from this link: [Minto Morley Reforms in Urdu PDF Download]. This file contains a detailed explanation of the reforms and their impact on Indian politics and society. You can also read more about the history of British India and the Indian freedom struggle in Urdu from this website: [Urdu History].